Thứ bảy, 05 30th

Last updateThứ 2, 25 05 2020 3pm

Xã hội - Đời sống - Khoa học

Đặc xá cho huyền thoại quyền anh Ali? Luật sư nói cám ơn nhưng không cần thiết


MN: Ông TT Trump hôm thứ Sáu nói ông dự định đặc xá cho cố vô địch quyền anh Muhammad Ali, đã qua đời năm 2016. Ông Ali đã bị bắt và bị tòa buộc tội năm 1967 vì phạm luật, đã từ chối đi quân dịch trong chiến tranh Việt Nam (*).


Luật sư của Muhammad Ali ông Ron Tweel nói trên NBC News ông cảm ơn thịnh tình của tổng thống nhưng đặc xá là không cần thiết, vì Tòa Tối cao đã đồng ý thay đổi tội trạng của Muhammad Ali năm 1971 rồi.


Tổng thống Hoa Kỳ có quyền đặc xá cho bất cứ ai khi xét thấy bị án không công bằng. Ông Trump nói đang có danh sách 3,000 người để xem xét đặc xá. Trong thời gian qua ông Trump đã đặc xá cho những trường hợp nổi cộm, có người đã qua đời từ lâu. 


Ông Trump cũng nói ông có quyền đặc xá cho chính bản thân ông luôn nhưng không việc gì phải làm như vậy, ông nói các học giả hiến pháp nói đó là hợp hiến. Nhưng phát biểu này của ông Trump đồng thời dấy lên những tranh cãi về luật pháp.


Các học giả về hiến pháp mà ông Trump nêu lên có thể đúng, nhưng nếu một tổng thống bị Quốc hội đàn hặc và có lý do xác đáng để truất phế thì không còn ai cứu được.




FILE - A portrait of Muhammad Ali is displayed next to a pair of boxing gloves at the I Am Ali Festival in Louisville, Kentucky, June 8, 2016 - AP





Muhammad Ali Attorney Calls Trump Pardon 'Unnecessary'


President Donald Trump said Friday he is considering a pardon for the late heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali, who died in 2016 — despite the fact that Ali's conviction for refusal of military service was overturned in 1971.


Trump told reporters Friday that Ali is on a list of 3,000 people he is considering for pardons because, in his words, they "really have been treated unfairly."


Ali's attorney, Ron Tweel, thanked the president, but noted that a pardon was not necessary. He told NBC News: "We appreciate President Trump's sentiment, but a pardon is unnecessary. The U.S. Supreme Court overturned the conviction of Muhammad Ali in a unanimous decision in 1971."


Ali — who changed his name from Cassius Clay when he converted to Islam in 1964 — said his refusal to be drafted in 1966 was based on his religious beliefs and his opposition to the United States' involvement in the Vietnam War.




FILE - Muhammad Ali, left, assumes his former fighting stance while joking around with Vietnamese people on the path outside of Ho Chi Minh's former home in Hanoi, Vietnam, May 11, 1994. Ali visited the families of American and Vietnamese servicemen still missing from the war, nearly three decades after he was convicted of draft evasion for refusing to fight on the battlefields.


Ali was arrested and convicted in federal court in 1967 for violating selective service laws. He was stripped of his boxing titles and license and fined $10,000. He faced a five-year prison sentence, but was allowed to remain free while appealing the decision. During the four years in which he could not fight, he was a social activist, speaking out against the war and in favor of racial equality.


In 1971, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Ali's conviction in a unanimous decision, accepting Ali's argument that he should be excused on religious grounds. His license to fight was also reinstated and Ali spent the next 10 years fighting professionally, cementing his reputation as one of the country's most prominent athletes.


In 1977, President Jimmy Carter, on his first day in office, issued a blanket pardon for all of the hundreds of thousands of U.S. men who evaded the draft during the Vietnam War. Had the 1971 court action not already cleared Ali's name, experts say, the Carter decision would have done so.


A presidential pardon does not render a person legally innocent of a crime, but it can clear the way for living pardon recipients to regain civil rights usually denied to ex-felons: the right to vote, to run for office, to serve on a jury, and to own a firearm, among others.


A pardon for the deceased can provide no such reinstatement of rights and thus is seen as merely symbolic. The U.S. Department of Justice says, in general, it does not accept applications for posthumous pardons because its time can be better spend on living persons.


But it notes that it has granted three posthumous pardons in recent years, in response to requests by President Bill Clinton, President George W. Bush, and Trump, who last month pardoned boxer Jack Johnson, who died in 1946.


Source: VOA News