Thứ năm, 08 16th

Last updateThứ 4, 15 08 2018 10pm

Lạc quan dè dặt về cuộc gặp giữa Donald Trump và Kim Jong Un


CT: Tin bất ngờ về cuộc gặp mặt vào tháng 5 sắp tới giữa Donald Trump và Kim Jong Un bên cạnh sự mừng rỡ của thế giới cũng có những thái độ dè dặt. Trong ba đời tổng thống Mỹ trước với thời gian một phần tư thế kỷ, vấn đề Bắc Hàn ngày càng trở nên trầm trọng. Khả năng vũ khí hạt nhân đạn đạo ngày nay của Bắc Hàn trở nên mối nguy hiểm lớn cho các nước láng giềng như Nhật Bản, Nam Hàn và cả phần còn lại của thế giới. Trong quá khứ Bắc Hàn chỉ nói nhưng không làm, luôn dùng mọi kế để mua thời gian nhằm hoàn thiện chương trình võ khí hạt nhân đạn đạo. Do đó những thái độ dè dặt hiện nay là dựa trên đánh giá kịch bản mua thời gian của Bắc Hàn lại tái diễn. 


Bắc Hàn đang bị áp lực mạnh liên tục đến gần khánh kiệt. Cam kết giải trừ vũ khí hạt nhân để được gặp tay đôi với tổng thống Mỹ có phải là một lối ra nhằm giữ mặt mũi của lãnh tụ trẻ Kim Jong Un? Thế giới đang chờ xem. Dưới đây là một bản tin của VOA News trên đề tài này.





South Korea's national security chief Chung Eui-yong briefs U.S. President Donald Trump at the Oval Office about his visit to North Korea, in Washington, March 8, 2018 - Retuers




Summit of US, North Korea Leaders Met With Cautious Optimism


North Korea's neighbors welcomed U.S. President Donald Trump's surprise decision to meet with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un to discuss ending the North's threatening nuclear program.


Since the talks were announced late Thursday in Washington, U.S. lawmakers, Chinese, Japanese and South Korean officials have embraced the development. But there is also caution over possible outcomes from the high-stakes talks.


The White House confirmed reports by Chinese state media that Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping spoke by phone on Friday, but did not offer details of that conversation.


According to the Xinhua News Agency, “Xi told Trump that he appreciates the U.S. president's desire to resolve the Korean Peninsula issue politically." The report adds Xi hopes the U.S. and North Korea will start talks “as soon as possible and strive for positive results,” and that “all parties concerned will show good will and avoid anything which might affect or interfere with the improving situation on the Peninsula.”


Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who has been suspicious of North Korea’s motives, spoke with Trump on Thursday and praised Trump's hardline leadership for forcing Pyongyang to change. Abe said he plans to visit Trump in Washington next month to discuss the summit with North Korea.


U.S. Senator Lindsey Graham suggested the talks show stepped up U.S. sanctions are having an impact.


"After numerous discussions with President Trump, I firmly believe his strong stand against North Korea and its nuclear aggression gives us the best hope in decades to resolve this threat peacefully," he said.


Graham also said the United States is not going into the talks with high expectations.


"I am not naive. I understand that if the past is an indication of the future, North Korea will be all talk and no action."


It is not clear what Kim will want in exchange for abandoning a nuclear weapons program that has been a core focus since he became supreme leader in late 2011.


The talks are a high-stakes gamble. Success could mean significantly de-escalating tensions over North Korea’s accelerated nuclear and ballistic missile tests over the past two years, which have grown sophisticated enough to threaten the U.S. If the talks fail, it could worsen the situation.


Robert Gallucci, chief U.S. negotiator during the 1994 North Korean nuclear crisis, said North Korea's invitation is a "surprising and welcome development. He added, "If representatives of both governments can meet, and a summit ultimately is held, it would represent substantial progress in reducing tension and the risk of war."


"What is new isn't the proposal, it's the response," said Daniel Russell, former U.S. assistant secretary of state for East Asia and the Pacific." He said North Korea "has for many years proposed that the president of the United States personally engage with North Korea's leaders as an equal - one nuclear power to another."


President Trump has been critical of past efforts by the administrations of Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama to resolve the North Korean nuclear threat through negotiations. These past deals slowed the North’s nuclear progress, but Pyongyang covertly continued its development efforts and eventually reneged on pledges to dismantle its nuclear facilities.

VOA Correspondent Brian Padden and reporter Lee Yoon-jee in Seoul contributed to this report