Thứ ba, 08 14th

Last updateThứ 3, 14 08 2018 2pm

Chính trị - Kinh tế

Chính quyền lại bị đóng cửa, 1 giờ, mở cửa lại sau khi thông qua ngân sách 400 tỷ


KH: Trong mấy ngày qua hai phe Cộng hòa và Dân chủ thương thảo gay go về ngân sách. Đến phút chót khuya thứ Năm 8 tháng 2 cả hai viện hầu như đạt được thỏa thuận trước thời điểm hết hạn ngân sách khóa cũ, nhưng gặp chống đối của một TNS Cộng hòa từ Kentucky ông Rand Paul vì theo ông thì ngân sách này phóng tay chi nhiều quá. Trở ngại này làm Thượng viện không kịp bỏ phiếu, khiến chính quyền bị đóng cửa trong 1 giờ, từ 1AM đến 2AM rạng sáng. Khi Thượng viện chính thức bỏ phiếu thông qua được thỏa thuận ngân sách vào rạng sáng, chính quyền mở cửa lại vào lúc 2 giờ sáng. Ngân sách 400 tỷ đô la được Hành pháp TT Trump ký thông qua sáng thứ Sáu ngày 9 tháng 2. Dưới đây là bản tin chi tiết của VOA News trên đề tài này.





Sen. Rand Paul, R-Ky., walks to the Senate chamber, at the U.S. Capitol, Feb. 8, 2018, in Washington - AP




Trump Signs Budget Agreement, Ending US Government Shutdown


WASHINGTON — U.S. President Donald Trump signed into law a Friday a bill that ended a short-lived partial federal government shutdown and boosts military and domestic spending by hundreds of billions of dollars.


"Just signed Bill," Trump posted on Twitter. "Our Military will now be stronger than ever before. We love and need our Military and gave them everything — and more. First time this has happened in a long time. Also means JOBS, JOBS, JOBS!"


Trump signed the massive $400 billion budget bill hours after the House of Representatives passed it early Friday. The lawmakers voted 240-186 to approve the measure, which provides budget numbers for the next two fiscal years, but only funds the government through March 23. Lawmakers have until then to craft a detailed spending plan for the remainder of the fiscal year that ends September 30.


The budget was passed, over the objections of some politicians who are opposed to its large spending increases, and without any plan of action to safeguard the more than one million undocumented young immigrants, known as "Dreamers."


The U.S. government was shut down Friday morning when Congress missed the deadline to renew the federal government's funding. It was the second partial federal shutdown in less than a month.


Later, the Senate voted 71-28 to re-open the federal government.


A single Republican senator late Thursday held up a bipartisan bill to keep the U.S. government open hours before federal funds expired.


Vote delay


Rand Paul of Kentucky objected to the Senate proceeding to vote on a deal that increases government spending by hundreds of billions of dollars, saying it would explode America’s already-rising federal deficit and add to the nation’s more than $20 trillion national debt.


"The reason I’m here tonight is to put people on the spot," Paul said in a fiery and lengthy floor speech that consumed dwindling time that Congress had to act to avert a halt of non-essential federal operations. "I want people to feel uncomfortable. I want them to have to answer people at home who said, ‘How come you were against President Obama’s deficits and then how come you’re for Republican deficits?"


Paul's objection drew an angry response from a fellow Republican, Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, who argued America's military desperately needs additional funds after years of budget caps that constrained both the Pentagon and domestic programs.


"Debt and deficits are no excuse to leave the war fighter hanging," Graham said. "Whatever it is to keep our military going, I'll do it."


Senate rules


Under Senate rules, any member can speak for as long as he or she desires, unless three-fifths of the body votes to end debate. Any senator also can object to a vote, causing lengthy procedural delays.


Paul’s action also threw into chaos a carefully choreographed timetable for how the day’s legislative business was to be conducted, with swift Senate and House votes so that the budget deal could be sent to the White House Trump’s signature with time to spare before midnight in Washington, when federal spending authority ended absent an extension.



Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., left, walk to the chamber after collaborating on an agreement on a two-year, nearly $400 billion budget deal that would provide Pentagon and domestic programs


Bipartisan support


Negotiated between the Senate’s Republican and Democratic leaders, the funding bill appeared to have ample bipartisan support for passage in both houses of Congress.


“This agreement ensures that our armed forces will finally have the resources they need,” Republican Senator John Cornyn of Texas said. “In addition, the funding bill will provide support for our veterans, those who have worn the uniform as well as their families, and it will clear the way for new investment in our nation’s infrastructure.”


“It’s a good deal,” Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer of New York said. “And it’s a strong signal that we can break the gridlock that has overwhelmed this body and work together for the good of the country.”

“We do support the two-year spending bill,” White House deputy press secretary Raj Shah told reporters at the daily briefing. “It lifts the caps on defense spending, which is something the secretary of defense and the president’s generals have told him they need to ensure that we rebuild our military and protect our national security.”


The accord drew opposition from opposite extremes of Congress’ ideological spectrum, but not in sufficient numbers to threaten passage. Some conservative Republicans blasted the added spending as a surrender to fiscal insanity.


Some progressive Democrats, meanwhile, protested the agreement’s omission of any measure to end the threat of deportation for hundreds of thousands of young undocumented immigrants brought to America as children.


“They live and work here. They share our nation with us. Right now, we are being called upon to protect them from deportation and we must answer that call,” Democratic Congressman Luis Gutierrez of Illinois said. “Vote against this budget.”


January partial shutdown


Democrats blocked a stopgap spending bill in January, triggering a three-day partial federal government shutdown, in part to protest Congress’ inaction on Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), an Obama administration program that Trump ended last year and is now set to expire March 5.


Bipartisan negotiations have yet to reach a deal on an overhaul of America’s immigration. However, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has repeatedly promised to start Senate floor debate on immigration reform, including a fix for DACA recipients, after spending issues are resolved.


House Speaker Paul Ryan gave a similar assurance Thursday, saying, “To anyone who doubts my commitment to solve this problem and bring up a DACA and immigration reform bill, do not. We will bring a solution to the floor, one that the president will sign.”